The main attractions of Berlin


The capital of Germany, Berlin, is a large city in the north-east of the country. Its turbulent history is familiar to most people around the world.

Berlin today is an amazing blend of a turbulent past, a cool present, and a fashionable future. You can walk down the street and see walls with bullet holes on one side of the road and modern buildings turned into trendy bars or modern art galleries on the other.

Berlin attracted worldwide attention in 1933 when Hitler and his Nazi party came to power. This marked the beginning of a series of major world events in history that shocked and saddened people from all over the world. After the Second World War, the city was permanently divided into East and West Berlin.

Berlin still has a sense of shame and regret over the tragic events of the first half of the 20th century. You will see this by walking, for example, in the Schöneberg, Friedrichshain, Mitte and Kreuzberg districts. If you want to know its past, present or future, head to Berlin. Here you will find a lot of new and interesting, whatever your interests. To get started, check out the top attractions in Berlin.

Brandenburg Gate

This sandstone gate is the only remaining city gate in Berlin. They were a symbol of the division of the city into East and West. But after the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989, the Brandenburg Gate has already become a symbol of German unity.

Brandenburg Gate in Berlin

The gate was built in the years 1788-1791 on the model of propylaea, the gate to the Acropolis in Athens. Six Doric columns support an 11-meter beam that runs along the top. The gate has five aisles. At the top of the gate is a chariot drawn by four horses, driven by Victoria, the Roman goddess of victory.

The area around the gate is closed to traffic. This makes them the perfect place to spend time watching people and take amazing pictures.

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It is recommended to visit the Brandenburg Gate not only during the day but also in the evening when it is illuminated.
Address: Pariser Platz, Berlin

Brandenburg Gate

Memorial to the victims of the Holocaust

This striking memorial is a tribute to the Jews killed by Hitler's plan. The memorial covers an area of ​​about 19000 square meters and consists of 2711 stone slabs. The dimensions of all slabs are 235x95 cm. But their height varies from a few centimeters to 4,7 meters. The heaviest slab weighs 16 tons.

The uneven structure of the base and the different heights of the slabs are believed to symbolize disorientation, excitement and instability.

Peaceful and calm walking between the plates makes you wonder how such terrible things could ever happen.

Memorial to the Victims of the Holocaust in Berlin
Next to the memorial, there is an underground museum where you can see the personal stories of people who suffered from the actions of Hitler and his Nazi party.

Address: Cora-Berliner-Strasse 1, Berlin.

Cost: Memorial and Museum are free.

Opening hours: Museum - from Tuesday to Sunday, from April to September 10: 00-20: 00, from October to March 10: 00-19: 00.

More information on the official website of the memorial at

East Side Gallery

The longest remaining section of the Berlin Wall became the East Side Gallery. It showcases 101 paintings by artists from all over the world. This gallery is considered a monument to freedom. The paintings began to appear in 1990, shortly after the fall of the wall. They show a changing time, express hope for the future, and speak of a triumphant time in history.

East Side Gallery

Address: Muhlenstrasse, Berlin

More information on the East Side Gallery website

Museum Island

Museum Island located between the Spree and the Kupfergraben. It consists of five world-class museums. If you love museums, then this is a great place to spend 1-2 days here. Each museum has its own specialization and contains famous works.

  • The Altes Museum displays ancient Greek and Roman artifacts
  • The National Gallery Alte houses the largest collection of paintings and sculptures from the 19th century in Germany
  • The Nues Museum houses prehistoric artifacts and Egyptian art
  • The Pergamon Museum contains another exhibition of ancient Greek and Babylonian antiquities. You can also see the Ishtar Gate and the Pergamon Altar here.
  • Bode Museum presents a large collection of sculptures, coins and a number of paintings
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Museum Island

Cost: Prices vary depending on which museum.

More information on the Museum Island official website

Alexanderplatz and Berlin TV Tower

Alexanderplatz is the largest square in Berlin. The largest shopping area in the city is located here. Along with the shops, the square attracts most of the visitors to the 368-meter Fernsehturm Berlin TV Tower. You can take an elevator to the panoramic floor at 203 meters for a 360-degree view of Berlin.

The tower has a revolving restaurant. The restaurant makes a full turn in 30 minutes.

Alexanderplatz and Berlin TV Tower

Address: Panoramastraße 1A, Berlin.

Open from March to October from 9:00 am to midnight. November to February from 10:00 am to midnight.

More information at


Berliners consider the Gendarmenmarkt to be the most beautiful square in all of Germany.

In the center of the square is the statue of Friedrich Schiller, Germany's most famous poet. The most important buildings around the square are:

  • Konzerthaus - Built on the basis of the ruins of the National Theater, which was destroyed by fire in 1817. Today it is the home of the Berlin Symphony OrchestraKonzerthaus
  • The French Cathedral (Franzosischer Dom) is the older of the two cathedrals in the square. It was built in 1701. Inside you will find an observation deck, a museum and a restaurantFrench cathedral
  • German Cathedral (Deutscher Dom) - This pentagonal church was built in 1708 but was destroyed by fire during World War II. But later it was restoredGerman cathedral


Home of the German Parliament, the modern Reichstag building with a glass dome is one of the symbols of Berlin and one of the most impressive pieces of modern architecture in the city. The top of the dome offers stunning views of Berlin.


Address: Platz der Republik 1, Berlin.

Cost: free access to the dome only by prior arrangement through the official website of the Bundestag

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The entrance opens every hour until 23:00.

Unter den Linden

If the Gendarmenmarkt is the most beautiful square in the city, then Unter den Linden is the most beautiful boulevard. Walk surrounded by lindens through the heart of Berlin from the Brandenburg Gate to the Schlossbrücke. Along the way, you will see some of the city's most prominent buildings.

Unter den Linden

Checkpoint Charlie

Checkpoint Charlie is a must-see.

This is the most famous passage in the Berlin Wall between West and East Berlin. Checkpoint Charlie was named after the Western Allies during the Cold War. Today the wall is gone, and only a small booth remains in the middle of the road.

Checkpoint Charlie

You will be able to take pictures with the actors dressed in the uniform of the guards during the occupation of Berlin.

Address: Friedrichstrasse 43-45, Berling.


Tiergarten is a park in the very center of the city. This is the largest green area in the city. There are many attractions and green spaces here. You can walk, relax or have picnics under the trees or by the lakes. Inside the park you will find the Berlin Zoo and the home of the German President (Schloss Bellevue).


Cost: the park is free, but the attractions in the park are paid.

Berlin Cathedral

Berlin's main cathedral is the striking Berlin Cathedral. It is located on the Museum Island, next to a large green square with a fountain. The modern building was built in 1904 on the site of an old cathedral.

Berlin Cathedral

It works from Monday to Saturday 9: 00-20: 00, Sunday 12: 00-20: 00.

More information on the official website of the Berlin Cathedral

Berlin is an old city. And of course, there are still a lot of attractions here.