Place General Georges Quatrou in the X17 arrondissement of Paris is no less known by its informal name "Three Dumas Square". Along the perimeter of the square, monuments to the hero of the Napoleonic wars, General Alexandre Dumas (1762-1806) and his grandson, playwright Alexandre Dumas (1824-1895), were opened in different years. But the most impressive of them is the monument to the writer Alexandre Dumas père (1802-1870) - Le Monument à Alexandre Dumas père.
For the creation of the monument to the famous novelist, a subscription fundraising was previously announced. The money raised was used to pay the architects, the sculptor and the casting of bronze statues at the Thiẻbaut foundry. The monument to the author of numerous historical novels by A. Dumas was opened on November 4, 1883.
The monument to Alexandre Dumas the father is the last significant work in the monumental art of Gustave Doré. The multi-figured bronze composition he created consists of several statues. Alexandre Dumas is depicted by the sculptor sitting in a dressing gown in a comfortable armchair with a feather in his hands.
Significantly lower, on the ledge of a high pedestal, are the figures of three admirers of the writer's talent. A young blacksmith worker and a student listen with enthusiasm to a young girl reading aloud one of the novelist's books. From the opposite side of the monument, you can see the image of one of the most popular literary heroes A. Dumas, created by the sculptor.
It is easy to recognize d'Artagnan in the figure of a young man with a sword drawn from its scabbard. His relaxed posture is deceiving. A naked weapon indicates that he is ready to come to the aid of his friends and to defend justice at any time.
Contribution of architects
The high pedestal for the monument was designed by the architect Joseph-Antan Bouvard together with his colleague Ulysses Gravigny. It has a rather complex configuration and is easily visually divided into several parts.
The almost square massive base of the monument is decorated with figured processing of edges and volutes at the corners. On its front side, the autograph of the author of the sculptures, Gustave Dore, is clearly visible, and to the left of it, the year of the opening of the monument is indicated. On the sides of the base, bronze plaques list the names of the people who made the most significant financial contributions to the creation of the monument.
A wide ledge on which stylized plants, figures of admirers of the writer's work and the most famous of his literary heroes are placed, highlights the highest part of the pedestal. It was given the shape of a parallelepiped and finished in the form of a complex decorative cornice.
Above the heads of young people reading a book there is a sign with a laconic inscription “Alexandre Dumas. 1802-1870". On the sides of the pedestal are fixed bronze tablets with a list of the most famous works of Alexandre Dumas père. On them you can read the titles of the novels "The Three Musketeers", "The Count of Monte Cristo", "The Countess de Monsoro", "Queen Margot" and the dates of their creation. The upper part of the pedestal resembles a truncated pyramid with a platform for the main sculpture.
Address: Place du General Catroux, Paris 75017
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