Park Butte-Chapeau-Rouge (Le parc de la Butte-du-Chapeau-Rouge) in Paris


Butte-Chapeau-Rouge (Le parc de la Butte-du-Chapeau-Rouge) is not as famous as its nearest neighbor Butte Chaumont. And yet it is worth coming here to attend a concert, festival and sports competitions or just admire the beautiful scenery and relax by the fountain.

Time milestones

Even at the beginning of the 20th century. on the site of the modern well-groomed Buttes-Chapeau-Rouge, on the slopes of a hill in the eastern suburbs of the capital, there were American quarries that extended to the Pré-Saint-Gervais plain. The extracted gypsum was intended for export to the countries of North America, so this name was assigned to the quarries.

On the eve of the First World War, pacifists and left-wing workers gathered here for mass rallies to listen to the fiery speeches of the socialist Jean Jaurès. They were also reminded of the horrors of the war by the still partially preserved fortifications built in the 19th century. government of Louis-Adolphe Thiers.

After the closure of the quarries, the district authorities decided not to build up this area, but to transform it into a public park with an area of ​​4,7 hectares. The development of the landscape project was entrusted to one of the co-authors Chaillot palace architect Leon Azema.

The play of nature and imagination

The opening of the city park Buttes-Chapo-Rouge took place shortly before the Second World War in 1938. The new green area was designed in the typical 1930s neoclassical style with clearly structured landscaping and symmetrical organization of the space. The new park got its name from the nearby Chapeau Rouge tavern, which was located nearby and popular among ordinary workers.

The entrance gate, several pavilions and pavilions, a fountain and terraces are subordinate to the general idea and have monumental forms. When landscaping the Buttes-Chapeau-Rouge park, bricks, paving stones, gravel, reinforced concrete structures and limestone cladding, popular in pre-war landscape architecture, were used. The overall composition of the park allows it to be considered today a small museum of landscape architecture of the 1930s.

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The alleys of the Buttes-Chapeau-Rouge park are laid between three large lawns, thickets of heather and flower beds, scattered in different parts of it. A panorama of the eastern quarters of the capital opens from the terraces and the belvedere of the park.

In Buttes-Chapo-Rouge, quite a lot of trees and plants, exotic for Europe, have been planted. Here you can find a tulip tree, Californian sequoia, Siberian elm, Far Eastern mulberry. Particularly noteworthy are the weeping sophora and the "forty-crowned tree" ginkgo biloba.

The art of rest

In 2017, a playground with gymnastic equipment and attractions was reconstructed in the park. In addition to it, two sandboxes are equipped for younger children, and tables for playing table tennis are installed for adults. Fountains with drinking water and toilet rooms are available for a long rest in the bosom of nature.

Buttes-Chapo-Rouge is often the site of massive cultural events. For several years in a row, Paris Quartier d'Eté has invested in open-air concerts in the park. It also hosts cross-country and orienteering track and field competitions.

The last few years, at the end of summer, the Silhouette short film festival has been held on the green lawns of the park. Within 10 days, up to 50 films take part in its competition program.

In the open spaces of the Buttes-Chapo-Rouge park, there are several garden statues and monuments. Even immediately after the opening of the park in 1938, a sculptural composition by Pierre Travers "Two women and a child" appeared on its alley, however, sometimes called in a completely different way - "Young Bacchus". At the same time, a monumental fountain was also built with a statue of Eve, carved by the sculptor Raymond Couvenes.

Many years later, in 1995, a memorial dedicated to the memory of the Kharkis, the Arabs who fought on the side of France during the Algerian War, appeared in the park, designed by Eugene Dodeny. Every year on May 12, a funeral ceremony is held at its foot with the participation of young people and veterans.

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Getting there

Address: 5 Avenue Debidour, Paris 75019
Metro: Pre-Saint-Gervais, Danube
Bus: Lycée diderot
Run time: 7:00-21:30