Saint Cloud Park in Paris

sights

The Parc de Saint-Cloud, located in the department of Haut-de-Seine in the communes of Saint-Cloud, Sèvres, Marne-la-Coquette and Garcher, is one of the most famous and popular holiday destinations on the outskirts of Paris.

Features of the landscape and layout

The park was founded in the 16th century. near the castle of Saint-Cloud, destroyed by artillery during the Franco-Prussian war of 1870. Its territory is distinguished by a great variety of relief and the excellent work of landscape designers, who favorably emphasized the natural beauty of nature with their creativity. On an area of ​​460 hectares, there is a regular garden designed by A. Lenotre, the English Trocadero park and the rose garden of Marie Antoinette.

The alleys on the terraced slopes of the hill are lined with yews, thujas and orange trees. Flowers, trees and shrubs are especially diverse on the Upper Terrace, where you can find dogwood, holly, hydrangea, jasmine, barberry and mahonia. The English part of Trocadero Park is dominated by coniferous trees, but also beech, plane trees and maples. At the top of the hill, there is an observation deck with a balustrade, which offers wonderful views of the outskirts of Paris.

Исторические события

Throughout its history, the Saint-Cloud Park has more than once become a place where significant events for France took place. So, on the night of August 1, 1589 in the castle of Saint-Cloud, King Henry III was killed by a fanatic monk J. Clement.

Several important moments from the life of Napoleon I Bonaparte with great consequences for the country and Europe also took place here. In the chateau greenhouse of Saint-Cloud, he announced the coup of the 18th Brumaire of the 8th year of the revolution or November 10, 1799. Five years later, in the spring of 5, he was proclaimed emperor of the French, and in 1804 Napoleon and Marie-Louise announced their marriage. At the residence of Napoleon in Saint-Cloud on July 1810, 3, an agreement was signed for the surrender of Paris.

It is interesting to read:  Place de la Concorde in Paris

In 1852, after consulting advisers at the Apollo Gallery, Louis Napoleon announced the restoration of the empire. In July 1870, he made a decision here, fatal for himself and France, to start military operations against Prussia. During World War II, Saint Cloud was the seat of one of the headquarters of the occupying forces.

Fountains and Pools

An underground aqueduct supplies water from the ponds of Ville d'Evreux to pools, cascades of waterfalls and fountains. The difference in elevation in the park made it possible to create a large number of reservoirs with a natural watercourse. The pools of Dogs, Carps, and the Iron Horse delight and surprise visitors to the park. Photos at the fountains Big and Small Bouquets, the Water Lattice, Grossbouillon or at the Big Stream gushing at a height of 32 m will remain a great souvenir to remember the visit to the park.

The Grand Cascade (Grande Cascade) is one of the most popular attractions in the Park of Saint-Cloud. Its upper part resembles a giant staircase along which streams of water flow down. It was built in 1664-1665 according to the project of A. Le Nôtre. At the top of the cascade, there is a sculptural composition symbolizing the confluence of the Marne and Seine rivers. The lower part of the cascade with the Great Basin and the canal was created in 1668-1669 by the engineer A. Mansar. All this hydraulic structure consists of 24 fountains.

Park pavilions

Of all the architectural wealth of the luxurious palace and park ensemble of Saint-Cloud, only a part of the buildings has survived to this day, most of which are occupied by museums and scientific institutions.

The Saint-Cloud Museum (Musée historique) is housed in five halls of the building of the former Lower Stables of the castle (Écuries basses). Its exposition is devoted to the history of the park and the castle, originally built in the 16th century. for the Florentine bankers Gondi and about the daily life of their subsequent owners: Duke Philippe of Orleans, Louis XVI and Queen Marie Antoinette, Emperor Napoleon I.

It is interesting to read:  Broniard Palace in Paris

Built during the reign of Charles X, the Sully barracks (La caserne Sully) housed the André-Desguine library (la bibliothèque André-Desguine) with a fund of rare manuscripts and books from the 12th-15th centuries. and the historical library of Souvarine (La Souvarine).

The Pasteur Institute occupies part of the Saint-Garde pavilion (le pavillon des Cent Gardes). In his laboratories, important discoveries were made in the study of infectious diseases, including, in 1983, the causative agent of human immunodeficiency was discovered. The building also houses the Institute's Museum of Applied Research (Le musée des Applications de la Recherche) with a memorial apartment for L. Pasteur.

The Breteuil Pavilion (Le pavillon de Breteuil), built by the architect T. Gobert back in 1672, has been home to the International Bureau of Weights and Measures since 1884. The attractions of the park also include the Apollo gallery (la galerie d'Apollon), the Valois pavilion (le pavillon de Valois), the ruins of a copy of the Athenian monument to Lysicrates (la lanterne de Démosthène) and the farm du Piquier (La ferme du piqueur).

Sports and festivals

The nature of the park and man-made landscapes have long attracted people of creative professions to Saint-Cloud. On the grounds of the lower part of the park, located along the banks of the Seine, several major festivals and competitions take place every year.

Among the most interesting events are the Saint-Cloud Film Festival, concerts of the Rock over the Seine music festival and regular open-air screenings of new films during the tourist season. In autumn, one of the most spectacular in France and Europe festival of fire shows and fireworks is held near the Grand Cascade.

The park houses a large stadium (pré Saint-Jean), owned by the Council of the Hauts-de-Seine department. In September, the family holiday Famillathlon is held at its arena in order to popularize outdoor activities. Since 1868, the paths and alleys of Saint-Cloud have become sports tracks for cycling competitions, in which amateurs and professionals take part. In 2008, the St. Cloud Cycling Tour became part of the European tour of the former US President George W. Bush.

It is interesting to read:  Blanche Square in Paris

Getting there

Address: 1 Avenue de la Grille d'Honneur, Saint-Cloud
Phone: +33 1 41 12 02 90
Website: www.domain-saint-cloud.fr
Metro: Pont de Sèvres
Run time: 7:30-22:00

Source
INFO-MANIAC