Do you want to get acquainted with the history of the Hungarian state? Do you want to know how the Hungarians showed their solidarity and national unity? No, you do not need to study the numerous volumes of history books for this. It is enough to come to Heroes' Square in Budapest and see the monuments located here.
The famous Heroes' Square is one of Hungary's largest squares and one of its main attractions. It is the historicism of architectural structures and monuments that makes it special for residents of the capital. This is probably why tourists from all over the world come to this place every year to experience this greatness and enjoy the beauties of the city.
Millennium Memorial: A History of Creation
The history of Heroes' Square began long before the first buildings appeared here. It so happened that important public councils and political meetings, solving issues of national importance, have long gathered at this place. Later, at the beginning of the 19th century, the first houses of local aristocrats appeared here. They laid the foundation for mass construction around the square.
Active construction began at the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries. It was just for the mass building of all of Budapest after the confluence of Buda, Pest and Obuda. Despite the rapidly growing buildings along the perimeter, the center of the modern Heroes' Square remained empty.
In 1896, the construction of an architectural ensemble dedicated to the 1000 anniversary of Hungarian statehood began here. In 896, the Magyars came to Europe, the ancestors of modern Hungarians, from whom national history begins. That's why the central and main sculpture of the square got its name - the Millennium Memorial. The authors of the project were famous representatives of Hungarian art Albert Shikedanets and Gyorgy Zala.
Description of the monument
This majestic monument, 36 m high, consists of a pedestal, a high marble column, headed by the archangel Gabriel, standing on a sphere. The column was erected in the style of the Corinthian order - with a bell-shaped capital and stylized acanthus leaves.
It is noteworthy that the 5 meter sculpture of the archangel Gabriel, who is considered the patron saint of the Hungarians, appeared here after 5 years, only in the 1901 year. According to local traditions, it was the archangel Gabriel who appeared in a dream to King Istvan and persuaded him to find Christianity and carry faith in the people. In this regard, the very crown of St. Stephen is depicted in the right hand of the sculpture (Hungarians have a special respect for this ruler). With his left hand, the archangel exalts the apostolic double cross received from the Pope.
At the World Exhibition in Paris, the sculpture of the archangel Gabriel won a prize, but only this part, and not the entire monument.
On the pedestal at the base there are 7 sculptures of Magyar leaders on horseback - exactly those that led the Magyar peoples through the Carpathians to Europe. The total construction time of the entire monument, together with these figures, was 42 years. Headed by the ruler Arpad, his dynasty ruled from the 9th to the beginning of the 14th century. Eled, Huba and Tash stand on his right hand, Kond, Ond and Tehetem stand on his left.
In 1929, a memorial plate was erected in front of the monument in the center in memory of the heroes who fell while defending the borders of Hungary. It is surrounded by a small fence, and free access close to the stone slab is closed. Although there are no soldiers' graves under the stove.
In 1951 under communist rule, the memorial was removed for political reasons, but in 1956 it was restored again. On public holidays, they place a guard of honor and lay flowers, paying tribute to all the Hungarian defenders.
Behind the monument are two semicircular colonnades with a length of 85 meters each. Between the columns there are sculptures of important personalities in the history of the people. In the left part:
- Istvan I,
- Laszlo I
- Kalman I the Scribe,
- Andras II,
- Bela IV,
- Charles I
- Louis I.
The colonnade is crowned with symbolic images. In one part, the image of labor and wealth in the form of a pair with a scythe sowing seeds. At the opposite end is the image of knowledge in the form of a man with a snake.
The following figures are located in the right colonnade:
- Janos Hunyadi
- Matthias I Corvin,
- Istvan Bochkai,
- Gabor Betlen,
- Imre Tekeli
- Francis II Rakoczy,
- Lajosh Kossuth.
At the top of the colonnade at both ends there are also two generalized figures: a statue of the world in the form of a woman with a palm branch and an image of prosperity in the form of a man holding a small golden statue.
At the bottom of the colonnades are bas-reliefs depicting Hungarian heroes (until the 1918 of the year there were representatives of the Habsburg dynasty).
The colonnades together with the Millennium Monument and the stone slab form a single memorial complex. Numerous photographs of Budapest often portray this unity among other prominent places.
From all sides, Heroes Square is surrounded by outstanding buildings:
- The Museum of Fine Arts is located on the western side, designed by architects Albert Sikedanets and Fülop Herzog by the 1906 year. The museum has more than 100 thousand exhibits representing different times and cultures - from antiquity to the present day.
- Myucharnok Exhibition Center - from the east, opposite the Museum, the authors of the architectural project are the same, built in 1896. This institution has no exhibits and a permanent exhibition; temporary exhibitions of contemporary art are regularly held here.
- Andrássy Avenue - approaches Heroes' Square from the south, connecting it with Erzhebet Square. Recognized as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The main shopping and entertainment street of the capital. The avenue also houses the Memorial Museum, the Museum of Terror, the Opera House, the Ballet School, the Museum of East Asian Arts and the University of Fine Arts.
- Varoshliget Park - located behind the square, from the north. This is a very beautiful and cozy place that gathers residents for walks and entertainment. The main attraction in the park is Vajdahunyad Castle - a picturesque and romantic place. It is also possible to visit the circus, zoo, botanical garden, attractions, Sechinya baths, a sports complex, acquaintance with the famous hourglass "Wheel of Time", a monument to the chronicler Anonymous. And next to the park in winter there is a large ice rink for adults and children.
- Monument to the 1956 revolution of the year - located next to the Heroes Square, installed in the 2006 year, to the 50 anniversary of the revolution. Although the uprising was crushed, in Hungary it is celebrated as an attempt to gain national independence. The monument consists of 2006 metal wedges installed at an angle of 56 degrees and forming a triangle. The first wedges are scattered, covered with rust, then they become higher and denser, and to the top they merge, reaching a height of 8 meters, and become completely polished. This monument symbolizes the cohesion and strength of the Hungarian people.
To find your way around the place and see all the sights, you can first explore the Heroes' Square on the map, where the visited cultural places and architectural structures are marked.
Address: Budapest, Hősök tere, 1146 Hungary.
When choosing a way to get to Heroes' Square, first decide what is your priority. If you want to see the local architecture, the beautiful facades of the main streets, shops and hotels, chat with the residents, then it is best to walk along Andrassy Avenue.
If you have little time and you intend to see only the area and the surrounding area, then there are several ways:
- metro (yellow line M1), to the station "Hősök tere";
- bus routes No. 105, 20Е, 30, 30А, 230, as well as night No. 979;
- trolleybus No. 72, 75, 79;
You can also get to the Heroes Square by visiting one of the tourist excursions with the capture of the square. Travel around Hungary and Budapest and discover the culture and history of this hospitable and generous people!