Tuileries Garden in Paris

sights

The Tuileries Garden is one of the oldest and most popular places in Paris. It is located in the center of the French capital, on the right bank of the Seine.

Tuileries Garden 7

The oldest garden area has become an integral part of the famous Historic Axis of Paris. Its beautiful green neighborhoods stretch between the Louvre and the Champs Elysees, covering an area of ​​over 25 hectares, which is 920 meters long and 325 meters wide. The dividing strip between the Louvre and the garden is the Place de Carrousel, while the Place de la Concorde separates the Tuileries Gardens from the Champs Elysees.

History of the Tuileries Garden

The idea of ​​creating a garden and park ensemble belonged to Catherine Medici, the founder of the Tuileries castle. For the first time, the garden, at her direction, began to be planted in 1564, and the first planner and creator was Bernard Palissy.

Tuileries Garden 2

The area set aside for the park was a pedestrian area for walking. At that time, Italian-style parks were in vogue, when the entire allotted area was divided into six alleys in length and eight alleys in width.

The garden and park zone was laid out in the place where previously clay was mined in an open pit for the production of tiles (ceramic tiles). In French, the tile sounds like a tuile, from this word the name of the castle and the Tuileries garden was formed.

Tuileries Garden 3

Новый парк плотно примыкал к территории дворца и создавал дворцово-парковый комплекс. Ровно через столетие, в 1664 году, более тщательной разбивкой и планировкой сада Тюильри было поручено заниматься знаменитому ландшафтному архитектору 17 века Андре Ленотру — создателю известных парковых комплексов, основателю Версаля. Он действовал по указанию Кольбера.

The court architect strove to introduce an original idea, thus a garden-theater appeared. A theater stage, flower beds and two voluminous pools were installed here. Since then, the theater garden has been a wonderful decoration of the now defunct Tuileries castle, which was barbarously burned down in 1871.

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Tuileries Garden 4

После смерти своего создателя – архитектора Андре Ленотра, парк порос сорной травой, деревья не обрезались, он стал довольно мрачным и неприглядным. Значительную роль в его разрушении сыграли и периодические войны. Восстановлением сада Тюильри стали заниматься в конце 20 столетия, когда проводился масштабный основательный ремонт Лувра.

Tuileries Garden 5

All restoration work in the garden was carried out at a high level, after which it not only acquired its original pristine appearance, but was decorated with sculptures and updated with new plants brought from different countries of the world.

Garden attractions

The garden is considered to be the oldest urban park in Paris, a favorite recreation place for citizens and tourists. There are a number of attractions on its territory, each of which has its own history and arouses a certain interest.

Entrance to the garden

The main entrance to the Tuileries from the Place de la Concorde is notable for a wonderful gallery of park sculptures, which are exact copies of their originals, standing in Parisian palaces.

The main decoration of the entrance is considered to be two equestrian monuments by Antoine Koysevox "Glory on horseback on Pegasus" and "Mercury", and along the park alley there are marble sculptures of the goddess Venus, Julius Caesar and Agrippina. Park sculptures surround the terrace along the artificial reservoir, as well as the Orangerie Museum.

Orangerie Museum - Musée de l'Orangerie

The building that currently houses this wonderful museum, built in 1852. Its strict forms fully corresponded to the park style of that time and the architectural ensemble common to the Tuileries Palace. It was originally planned to grow orange trees in this greenhouse, but in fact the building was used only for city exhibitions during festive festivities or for rehearsals of soldiers' marches.

Musée de l'Orangerie

At the beginning of the twentieth century, this building was transferred to the balance of the Paris Fine Arts Administration to organize a museum.

На сегодняшний день Музей Оранжери представляет собой крупную картинную галерею, которая славится своими редкими экспонатами. Среди них можно найти уникальные полотна Моне, Пикассо, Руссо, Молильяни, Матисса, Ренуара и Сезанна.

National Gallery Jeu-de-Pom - Galerie nationale du jeu de paume

This gallery is nowadays considered a museum of modern art. Its building dates back to 1861 and is located in the northwestern part of the Tuileries Gardens. It was intended for the popular tennis game at that time; courts were equipped in it.

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National Gallery Jeu-de-Pom

Как музей современного искусства Национальная галерея Жё-де-Пом заработала в 1991 году. Первой её выставкой была экспозиция работ Жана Дюбюфе. После чего выставки в этой галерее стали проходить регулярно. Кроме того, в наши дни в ней постоянно работает аудиовизуальный зал, есть кафе и книжный магазин. Экспозиции современной живописи здесь проходят постоянно, так же как и выставки фотографий, трансляции кино- и видеофильмов.

Triumphal Arch - arc de triomphe de l'Étoile

The Arc de Triomphe was built in 1808 by order of Emperor Napoleon I in honor of the victories won by his army.

The Arc de Triomphe has three aisles. In the upper part of it, an inscription glorifying the Emperor Napoleon is carved on marble.

Arc de Triomphe2

On both sides of the facade of the arch, there are columns of pink marble with sculptures of soldiers representing different types of troops who took part in the victorious campaigns of Emperor Napoleon. And its eastern facade is crowned with a dashing quadriga of horses with a cart, which is ruled by the figure of Peace and two statues of Victory located on the sides.

Kiss of Rodin statue

Rodin's statue "The Kiss", which is located in the Tuileries Gardens, is an exact copy of the original marble sculpture of this famous sculptor, which is in his museum along with other works.

She is an artfully crafted stone couple hugging for a passionate kiss who looks both erotic and sinless at the same time. The young man holds a book in his hands, which emphasizes the platonic nature of their relationship with his beloved.

Kiss of Rodin statue

Initially, Rodin gave this sculpture the name “Francesco da Rimini. And the prototype of her was the heroine of the "Divine Comedy" Dante, who fell in love with her husband's younger brother. The end of this story was tragic, and Rodin's sculpture itself, like its exact copies, delights the eyes of our contemporaries.

Maillol collection of sculptures and other statues of the Tuileries garden

Кроме замечательной скульптуры Родена «Поцелуй», в саду Тюильри установлено 20 скульптур Аристида Майоля. Их передала французскому правительницу его натурщица Дина Верни, которая унаследовала их после гибели создателя в автокатастрофе.

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Дина Верни, была натурщицей для многих работ этого великого скульптора, в том числе и тех, которые стоят сейчас в Тюильри под открытым небом. Кроме того, в саду Тюильри установлена уникальная его работа – памятник художнику Полю Сезанну, который представляет собой полулежащую обнажённую женщину. А также – «Мысль», «Три грации», «Скованная сила» и другие.

Sculptures by Auguste Nicolas Caen

Сад Тюильри украшают великолепные бронзовые скульптуры, отлитые по проекту Огюста Николя Каэна в конце 19 века. Это – скульптура «Тигр попирающий крокодила», которая изображает конец поединка этих двух хищников. Тигр победоносно возвышается над побежденным крокодилом, который широко открыл пасть в последнем вздохе и из последних сил упирается лапами в живот противника.

Against the backdrop of the Louvre, by the artificial pond, another statue of this great sculptor is frozen in bronze - "Tigress bringing a peacock to her children" and "Two lions attacking a wild boar."

Other sculptures in the Tuileries Garden

The Tuileries Garden is also called the open-air sculpture museum. And this is not surprising, because here are the works of both modern sculptors and masters of past centuries. There are so many statues in this garden. For example:

  • A huge statue of the American sculptor Louise Bourgeois "Spider", which is one of the works of her numerous collection of bronze spiders installed around the world;
  • Marble sculpture "The Good Samaritan" by Francois Sicard ";
  • A sculpture by the famous storyteller Charles Perrault, where Puss in Boots is standing next to him, surrounded by children;
  • The Marble Sphinx, exported from Sevastopol as a trophy;
  • Sculpture of the politician Jules Ferry, the author of the laws of the third republic and others.

The French old park is an ideal embodiment of natural natural beauty and splendor, the harmony of a single park complex is present throughout the Tuileries Gardens, and this can be confirmed by numerous visitors who enjoy the surrounding abundance of triumph and splendor from morning to late evening.

Getting there

Address: 113 Rue de Rivoli, Paris 75001
Metro: Tuileries
Run time: 7:00-21:00

Source
INFO-MANIAC