Statue of Louis XIII in Paris


Among not the most glorified, but noteworthy sights of Paris are monuments dedicated to various historical figures. The statue of Louis XIII (Statue de Louis XIII) on Place des Vosges has earned its place of honor among the many ancient statues. The king of France of the 17th century, nicknamed "The Just", is depicted sitting on a majestic horse. This marble monument has been silently testifying to the turbulent history of its hero's homeland for several centuries.

Personality immortalized in marble

Louis XIII is familiar to many people, even far from French history, thanks to the popular novels of Alexandre Dumas about musketeers. In these literary works, the king is depicted as a weak-willed ruler, subject to the will of the cunning Cardinal Richelieu. However, modern historians have questioned such a portrait of Louis XIII. There is an opinion that the king profitably enjoyed the support of the cardinal and often showed himself as a cruel ruler, on whose orders representatives of the French nobility were executed.

Louis XIII was born in 1601. He was the second Bourbon monarch of France. Louis was enthroned while still very young, at the age of 8. At the time, the country was ruled by his mother, Maria Medici, known for her cruelty. Also at an early age, Louis was betrothed to Anna of Austria, the daughter of the Spanish king, who later bore him two sons.

The monarch was distinguished by special musical talents, as well as a love of dancing. He himself wrote scripts for theatrical productions and participated in them. The monarch lived a short life. He died at the age of 42 in 1643 from a stomach ailment. In memory of him, many portraits, engravings and a famous statue in Paris have been preserved.

Facts from the history of the statue

For the first time, the statue of Louis XIII was installed at the behest of Cardinal Richelieu himself in 1639. Perhaps the cardinal wanted to flatter his monarch in this way and strengthen his authority among the people. Although the king did not perform any special military feats, his image of riding a graceful horse was intended to arouse admiration and respect among the Parisians.

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This statue was originally made of bronze. Two sculptors took part in its creation. The Italian Daniel de Volterra worked on the creation of the horse, and the Frenchman Pierre Billard worked on the image of the king. The bronze statue stood until 1792. It was the time of the French Revolution. Then the opponents of the monarchy destroyed the monument and sent it to be melted down.

However, in 1829, when the power of the monarchy was restored in France, the statue gained a second birth. In the same place, on the Place des Vosges, a monument rises again, but already made of marble, dedicated to the French king of the early 17th century.

Address and how to get there

Address: Place des Vosges, Paris 75004
Metro: Chemin Vert, Bréguet - Sabin, Bastille
Bus: Place des Vosges