Undoubtedly, Baccarat is the standard of the highest quality crystal. For several centuries, the works of masters from one town in France keep the world mark, take first places at exhibitions, firmly established in the highest palaces of the planet.
In 1764, King Louis XV issued an imperial decree that ordered Monsignor de Montmorency-Laval, Bishop of Metz, to organize a glass factory in the village of Baccarat in the east of France in Lorraine.
The command was fulfilled, and already in 1816, on November 15, in Baccarat, the first glass furnace was launched at the Saint-Anne glass manufactory. By that time, 3000 workers were already working at the enterprise.
In the same year, the first order was received from the royal court. Louis 17 ordered to make crystal glasses, which, after leaving the furnace, turned into shapeless lumps. This was the only failure in the subsequent history of the plant. Already, since 1823, Baccarat became a constant supplier of the royal court.
At the beginning of the century, the products of the plant crossed the borders of Turkey. Until now, this market is flourishing, and Baccarat services are made for the palaces of Constantinople.
In 1855, the first Paris World Exhibition was held, at which the crystal of the Baccarat trading company received the first gold medal, and a little later its personal brand.
Since 1896, after a visit to Paris, the Russian Tsar Nicholas II became a regular customer of Baccarat products. At the French royal court, they joked that Baccarat ovens work for Russia. The museums of Moscow and St. Petersburg still have many unique works of art made by French masters.
At the beginning of the 20th century, the famous brand of crystal was already known and appreciated all over the world. A new brand of Baccarat has been developed. Even the president of the New World, Franklin Roosevelt, ordered a crystal service for himself, marked with a new brand.
In 1988, in the 16th arrondissement of Paris, in the ancient palace of Marie-Laure de Noy, a crystal museum was organized. He gained popularity among tourists, showed genuine interest in the exhibits. Perhaps that is why Philippe Starck, a fashion designer of world renown, became interested in the museum. In 2003, the museum was taken under his care, redesigned and completely renovated.
Through the halls of the crystal museum
The Baccarat Museum contains 1200 exhibits, wonderful works of masters of different years. Here visitors are shown crystal products made at different times for participation in world exhibitions and received gold medals at them. And also masterpieces made for kings, kings, presidents, high politicians and celebrities.
The Alchemist's Hall exposition simply fascinates with a multitude of crystal items stacked in a rotunda. Sparkling chess, which can be seen through and the work of the famous master named Simon, including.
Four educational stands are united by the Behind Transparency exposition. They demonstrate various crystal treatments. Gilding, cutting, enameling and engraving.
The exhibits of the “Megalomania” hall correspond to the name of the exposition: a chandelier ordered by Emperor Nicholas 2, crystal furniture for the Maharaja, etc.
And the most wonderful thing is that you can not only contemplate the beautiful creations of human hands, but also buy some of them in a shop located right at the entrance to the museum.
Under the same roof with the museum there is a chic restaurant "Cristal Room Baccarat", which was also not ignored by the genius designer Philippe Starck, and where you can enjoy not only excellent cuisine, but also the exclusive interior design of the ideological mastermind of Baccarat. All the achievements of Baccarat have been associated with the name Stark in recent years, including the idea of making various objects from colored crystal.
Address: 11 Place des États-Unis, Paris 75116
Phone: + 33 1 40 22 11 22
Opening hours: 10: 30-19: 00, except Sunday