Museum of Modern Art in Paris

Museums and Galleries

In 1961, the Museum of Modern Art (Musée d'Art moderne de la Ville) opened in the French capital. Its halls showcase works of different directions - Cubism, Impressionism, Expressionism, Surrealism, Fluxus, Happening, painting of hard contours.

Pablo Picasso is a Spanish artist and sculptor, Kazemir Malevich is a Soviet impressionist artist, Cesar Baldacchini is a French sculptor of the 20th century, Annette Messager is a French artist and many more famous artists and sculptors of the 20th century. Here you can see more than 8000 works of famous authors.

A bit of history

For a long time, Paris wanted to collect in one room works of art of the twentieth century and create a museum of modern art. But for this a building was needed. Two young architects were allowed to start its development, with the support of two experienced architects, and in 1937 the Tokyo Palace was built, named after the nearby Tokyo Avenue.

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The construction was timed to coincide with the International Exhibition on Technology and Art. But since they did not manage to build the building, the works acquired for the 1937 exhibition were placed in the Museum of the Small Palace. The collection of the museum was constantly expanding, and in 1953, after the will of Dr. Maurice Girardin, more than 500 works of his personal collection were transferred to the Museum. The premises of the Small Palace became small, and in 1961 it was decided to place the works in the Tokyo Palace.

Museum collections

The museum's expositions were divided into two parts: historical - from 1900 to 1960, and modern - after 1960. In the historic hall, the works acquired in 1937, as well as the collections of Girardin and the writer André Breton, found their place. The section is presented by the styles Fauvism, Cubism, Surrealism, New Realism, Orphism, Impressionism. The works of Henri Matisse, Georges Braque, André Derain, Maurice de Vlaminck, Georges Rouault, were written in the Fauvist style and found their place in the Museum.

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Fauve paintings evoke energy and passion, a desire for movement. The works of Pablo Picasso were written in the style of cubism, impressionism. The works of Raoul Dufy are in the styles of Fauvism, Cubism, Primitivism, Post-Impressionism. Amedeo Modigliani - expressionism. These are just some of the names whose works have found their place in the historical part of the Museum.

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In the modern section of the work in the direction of fluxus by authors Benjamin Weiter, Eric Dietman, Robert Fiyu. In the direction of fluxus, the artist's actions are not controlled by him. This direction involves the direct participation of the viewer with the plot. The direction of like-minded artists is represented by Marcel Brodters, Annette Messager. Realists Jacques Villeglet, Armand, Cesar also found their place here. Non-verbal figuration in the works of Erro, Henry Kueko, Fromange.

Some features of the presented works

The famous work of Henri Matisse "Dance" is the pride of the museum. It was made using decoupage technique and has only three colors: red, blue, green. Matisse took three years to create it. The work is in a separate room and is 13 meters long. Initially, the picture caused a storm of emotions and was laughed at. However, after the lapse of time, "Dance" becomes the brightest and most famous work of Matisse.

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The work of Raoul Dufy "Electricity Fairy", also made in the style of Fauvism, occupies a whole hall of 600 square meters. The work entered the museum in 1964, and has been there all this time. But in 2001, scientists, after analyzing the painting, found that the artist covered his masterpiece with asbestos, a substance that causes cancer. $100 was spent on cleaning the canvas.

Theft of the century

In 2010, famous paintings totaling over 100 million euros were stolen from the museum. An interesting fact is that the works stolen from the Museum once belonged to Dr. Girardin. The theft may have been committed by relatives of the dentist. During the theft, a window was exposed, the robber made his way inside, carefully removed the canvases from the stretchers and left in the same way - through the window.

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At that time, the alarm system in the Museum was absent, as it was outdated or defective. Hot on the heels, both the customer and the contractor were found, but upon arrest, the customer destroyed all five works. So the national treasure suffered an irreparable loss.

Getting there

Address: 11 Avenue du Président Wilson, Paris 75116

Phone: + 33 1 53 67 40 00
Metro: Alma / Marceau
Hours: 10: 00-18: 00