Vatican - a state within a state

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The Vatican is an independent city-state, the center of Christianity and a heritage of world culture. This monarchy is located in the western part of Rome on the right bank of the Tiber River. Like any country, the Vatican has a territory, state border, coat of arms, flag and anthem, its own coin.

In this dwarf state, all power belongs to the pope - legislative, executive, and judicial. Complete order reigns here, of course, because the peace of the townspeople is ensured by a detachment of carabinieri, and the pontiff is guarded by Swiss guards.

The Pope's residence is next to St. Peter's Cathedral - the largest construction of the Vatican, on the creation of which more than one generation of great masters worked: Bramante, Raphael, Michelangelo, Bernini. The cathedral is so large that 60 people can visit it at a time. According to Christian tradition, the cathedral was built over the burial place of the Apostle Peter. The cathedral contains unique statues, the main of which, of course, is the statue of St. Peter. Numerous pilgrims and tourists aspire to it, standing in the central part of the temple, as it is believed that it has miraculous properties.

St. Peter's Square, the main square of Rome, is surrounded by four rows of Doric columns. This place is one of the favorite among tourists, but the square is often closed to the public due to official events. The main Catholic holidays are celebrated here, and every Sunday, at noon, the Pope gives his blessing to “the city and the world,” the people who have gathered in the square. It amazes with its verified harmonious proportions: in the center there is a granite Egyptian obelisk, the fountains of Maderno and Bernini are located nearby, the square is surrounded by a colonnade, behind which, on the right, is the Apostolic Palace.

In the Vatican Museums countless riches have been collected: numerous unique architectural, sculptural and pictorial exhibits. The amazing atmosphere of the halls takes the visitor on a journey through time, many people experience a change in their worldview, a new understanding of themselves and the world arises.

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The frescoes of such masters as Michelangelo, Raphael, Perugino, Botticelli, Signorelli, Ghirlandaio, located on the walls and ceilings, amaze and admire. How many reproductions of frescoes on the pages of textbooks, in colorful painting albums, in documentaries and feature films! But when the opportunity arises to contemplate these works with one's own eyes, emotions arise that are much higher, forcing them to look at the environment in a different way, in a new perspective.

Convex, volumetric ceiling and wall frescoes Michelangelo's Sistine Chapel come to life, biblical characters are perceived as realistic, air movement is felt.

Fragment "Creation of Adam" strikes with color, depth of space and amazing beauty of the figures. So easily, simply and clearly, the aspirations and hopes of man and the plans of God are conveyed in the work. It is impossible to take your eyes off the hands stretched out to each other, it seems that the fingers of God the Father tremble and almost touch the hands of Adam, but they never join.

Michelangelo's paints in an amazing way convey the powerful energy of divine power, demonstrate a revived and soulful person, speak of the impossibility of merging the divine and the human. This brilliant work leaves a unique feeling of the tragedy of the world, its finitude and catastrophic nature.

The tragic scenes of the Last Judgment are impressed by Michelangelo's frescoes. Here, the Old Testament events take place in succession - the creation of man, the terrible scene of his fall, the horror of the worldwide flood and the trials of Noah.

Having looked closely at the plot, you begin to understand that it is not the flood itself that is terrible, but the futility of man's attempts to cope with it. In the face of death, people, depending on their state of mind and spiritual development, demonstrate different behavior: they go mad, fight for a place, get wild and get drunk, or endure, hope, help each other and support the weak, sick, children and women.

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