Countries and cities

The Longobards, or long beards, are a warlike tribe that selflessly fought for their land with enemies. Not only men, but also women stood up to her defense, and it was they who were called long-bearded - since they, in order to resemble men and to instill fear in enemies, tied their hair under their chins.

Lombardy, or the Lombard League, unites several cities, Milan became the main city of this union. Milano, as the Italians call it, is the administrative center of Lombardy, a business, fashionable and expensive city.

The most popular place in Milan is Piazza Duomo. Here Milanese walk, meet, make dates, arrange holidays. This square houses the Cathedral: the northern and southern parts of the Royal Palace, the Victor Emmanuel II Gallery, and in the center there is a pompous and solemn monument to King Victor Emmanuel II.

Cathedral Duomo di Milano, erected in honor of the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin Mary, is a symbol of the Catholic faith of the Italians. The architects conceived a large-scale cathedral, and for its construction the square was cleared of numerous historical monuments - fragments of old temples. Now tourists admire the monumental Gothic-style white marble structure. Although experts call it Gothic with a certain amount of irony, they argue that this style is more correctly defined as “flaming”, or degenerating, Gothic. "Flaming" - because of the numerous details in the form of tongues of flame.

The cathedral is very dear to Italians, it was built by the whole world, it was necessary for the construction of this building had a special status and was not taxed. The cathedral can rightfully be called a long-term construction - its creation lasted about seven centuries, architects, sculptors, artists and even mathematicians worked on the project.

Tourists visiting the Duomo di Milano experience the power of its magic: the soft and bright light of the stained-glass windows, breaking up into numerous shades, as well as the faces and attentive gazes from the numerous paintings are breathtaking! The most important relic of the cathedral is one of the nails with which Christ was crucified.

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In the center of Milan, not far from Cathedral Square, in the building of the Palace of Ambrosiana, there is the Ambrosian Pinacoteca, which contains the most famous works of painters, sculptors and rare books.

Santa Maria del Grazie is the main temple of the monastery, in the refectory of which is the "Last Supper" by Leonardo da Vinci, considered a fresco, but, strictly speaking, not one, since it was painted on a dry wall. In 1980, the monastery was the first in Italy to be declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO. Today, to see the fresco, you must register in advance.

Another attraction of Milan is the world's most famous opera house, La Scala. The theater is not very beautiful on the outside, but the luxurious interior decoration, amazing acoustics, and the atmosphere of the theater confirm its status as the main European opera house, where works by Rossini, Verdi, Puccini are performed, where a top-class team works and creates.

Milan is also the world capital of fashion, where a stormy life filled with bright events flows. Twice a year, seasonal fashion shows are held here, at this time professionals of the fashion industry from all over the world come here.

Montenapoleone is a small street in Milan, only about 500 meters long, the most popular and fashionable thanks to its boutiques. The facades of the buildings on this street are unremarkable, but the interiors of their huge halls are a worthy setting for the collections of celebrity designers. Versace, Armani, Ferre, Prada, Gucci, Trussardi and other trendsetters live in Milan.